Word Definition
ABS (Acrylonitrile-Butadeine-Styrene) Mixes of polystyrene or styrene-acryloneitrile copolymers with butadeine-acrylonitrile rubber.
Absorbent Packing NOUN - a material included within a package to soak up liquids resulting from leakage or liquefaction of contents.
Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) The highest proportion or variance allowed in a lot or batch that, for the purposes of acceptance sampling, can be considered satisfactory as a process average.
Acrylic Polymethylmethacralate
Adhesive NOUN - a substance capable of holding materials together by surface attachment. Discussion - Adhesive is a general term and indicates among others: cement, glue, mucilage and paste. All of these terms are loosely used interchangeably. Various descriptive adjectives are applied to the term adhesive to indicate certain characteristics as follows: (1) physical form that is liquid adhesive, tape adhesive. (2) Chemical type, that is, silicate adhesive, resin adhesive. (3) Materials bonded, that is, paper adhesive, metal-plastic adhesive, can label Adhesive. And (4) conditions of use, that is, hot-setting adhesive.
Airline pallet The platform upon which air cargo is built from loose packages, unit loads or both.
Ampoule NOUN - a hermetically sealed, small bulbous glass or plastic vessel. Opening is achieved by breaking the stem, (Also ampule or Ampul.)
Anchor VERB - to secure firmly (Webster)
Annealing A process of keeping a material at a temperature just below its melting point to permit stress relaxation without shape distortion. It is often used on molded bottles to relieve stresses set up by flow into the mold.
Autoclave Steam sterilization normally conducted for 30 minutes in a closed container at 250 degrees Fahrenheit under 30 lbs. of pressure.
Bag NOUN - a preformed container of tubular construction made of flexible material, generally enclosed on all sides except one forming an opening that may or may not he sealed after filling. (See also pouch). DISCUSSION - A bag may be made of any flexible material, or multiple plies of the same, or Combination of various flexible materials. The term bag is used as a synonym for sack, but the term sack generally refers to the heavier duty or shipping sacks. It is made in various standard styles and may be open - mouth or valve type, The five basic standard types of bags are: (1) grocery bag, (2) merchandise paper, (3) industrial, (4) textile, and (5) paper shipping sack.
Bag Liner See Case Liner (Bag Liner)
Bail NOUN - the usually arched handle of a pail or can.
Bale NOUN - in packaging a shaped unit, bound with cord or metal lies under tension, and containing compressed articles or materials. It may be wrapped.
Banding See Strapping
Barrel NOUN - a bulged cylindrical container of greater length than breadth, made of wooden staves bound together with hoops and having two flat ends of equal diameter. (Compare drum)
Barrier Bottle A bottle that is treated, co-extruded, or fabricated from barrier material to contain industrial chemical products, food products, and the like.
Base Radius The radius at a bottle's base which connects the body (or wall) of a bottle with its bottom bearing surface. The size is dependent on the design and geometry of the bottle.
Basket NOUN - a semi rigid container usually open at the top and provided with one or two handle for carrying (Compare hamper.) Discussion - A basket is sometimes made of thin slips of wood, woven or stapled or, otherwise bound together, or it may be made of fiberboard or combinations of wood and fiberboard or combinations of wood and fiber, or plastic (See stave)
Batten (Box Batten) A reinforcing member, (1) For a wood box internally or externally applied to the sides, top and bottoms. When applied externally it should be applied in pairs; (2) In a wirebound box, a batten is a reinforcement used on the ends of the container only.
Bleed To expel color when in contact with a solvent or water; unwanted movement of certain materials in a plastic to the surface of the finished bottle or into an adjacent material.
Blister Pack NOUN - encapsulation of sin item inside a pre-formed semi-rigid transparent, or opaque plastic bubble that is affixed to a semi-rigid backing.
Blocking NOUN - material used to prevent or control movement of the unit or load or to facilitate handling (A 700, A1).
Bloom (1) An increase in diameter of the parison as it comes from the extruder die(s) in the blow molding process. (2) Also used to describe a surface coating on a plastic bottle that comes from ingredients such as plasticizers, lubricants, antistatic agents
Blow Molding A fabrication method in which a hot plastic hollow tube (parison) is placed between the halves (cavity) of a mold and forced to take the shape of the mold cavity through the use of internal pressure which is usually air.
Body NOUN - in packaging, the principal part of a container, usually the largest part in one piece containing the sides.
Bottle NOUN - a rigid or semi-rigid container typically of glass or plastic, having a comparatively narrow neck or mouth, and usually no handle (Webster).
Bottom NOUN - The face of a box on which it usually rests while filling. DISCUSSION - In terms of fibreboard shipping boxes, the face created by the flaps of regular (or similar style) slotted boxes are the top or bottom, regardless of loading or stacking.
Box NOUN - a rigid container having closed faces and completely enclosing the contents. When this term is used in connection with fiberboard boxes, such fiber boxes must comply with all the requirements of the carrier rules. (See carton.) Bottom: NOUN - the face of a box on which it usually rests while filling, Discussion - In terms of fiberboard shipping boxes, the face created by the flaps of regular (or similar style) slotted boxes are the top or bottom regardless of loading or stacking.
Box Batten NOUN - a reinforcing member, (1) for a wood box internally or externally applied to the sides, top and bottoms, When applied externally it should be applied in pairs; (2) in a wirebound box, a batten is a reinforcement used on the ends of the container only.
Boxboard NOUN - a general term designating the grades of paperboard used for fabrication of folding and set-up boxes (cartons). Customarily shipped in sheets.
Bracing NOUN - material or devices used to hold articles or sections of loads in position and prevent shifting within a transportation vehicle or within a container. (See molded shape, strapping.)
Break Down In Air Carrier parlance, the practice of breaking down unit loads into their constituent cases in order to utilize space more efficiently in filling airline pallets and igloos.
Bubble Packaging Material A material consisting of a flexible plastic film having uniformly spaced bubbles integrally molded therein. Discussion -These bubbles may or may not be permanently affixed to a separate backing film to either seal the air within the bubbles or to add dimensional stability to the structure. Bubble packaging is primarily used as a cushioning material.
Buffer NOUN - a material or device, such as folded up corrugated fiberboard, placed in a container to position and protect the contents from the forces of impact. Discussion - A buffer is usually made of a cushioning, or compressible material. It may be made in a variety of styles such as spring buffer, rolled-up buffer, die-cut buffer, etc. (See Cushioning material.)
Bulk Packaging (1) a method of containing loose or granular materials for shipping or storage, (2) a method of assembling many items into a container for shipment or storage.
Bundle NOUN - two or more articles held together with rope, wire, or strapping so as to form a shipping unit: it may be wrapped.
Bung Hole In packaging, an opening in a barrel or drum through which material can be poured to fill, empty or vent.
Bursting Strength The strength of a material in pounds force per square inch (or kilopascals), measured by the Cady or Mullen tester. (See Cady test, and Mullen test,)
Bursting Strength Test A test for measuring the resistance of a material to bursting measured in pounds per square inch (or kilopascals). (See Mullen tester.)
C Dimension Opening control diameter at the top of the container finish.
Cady Test A test for bursting strength made on a specific type of machine.
Caliper (1) n, thickness (as related to paperboard) of a sheet measured under specified procedures expressed in thousandths of an inch (or millimeters), Thousandths of an inch are sometimes termed "points"; (2) n, the precision instrument used in the paperboard industry to measure thickness; (3) v, to measure with a caliper.
Can NOUN - in packaging, a receptacle generally of 10-Gal capacity or less, normally not used as a shipping container. Discussion -The body is made of Lightweight metal or is a composite of paperboard and other materials having the ends made of paperboard, metal, plastic, or a combination thereof.
Cap See container (cover).
Capacity (1) The total amount of volume inside a bottle: the overflow capacity. (2) Also, the amount of space in a bottle designated for an specific amount of product.
Carboy NOUN - a container made of glass, ceramic, plastic, or metal, having a capacity of 5 to 15 gal (19 to 57 Ltr) with the pouring and filling opening at the top. Discussion - For shipment. Carboys are generally encased in a protective rigid outer container.
Carton NOUN - a folding box, generally made from boxboard for merchandising consumer quantities of products (for example, shelf Packages or prime Packages)
Case NOUN - a nonspecific term for a shipping container. In domestic commerce, case usually refers to a box made from corrugated or solid fiberboard wood, or metal.
Case Failure Load This is the Safety Factor weighted calculation of the McKee formula that determines compression failure.
Case Liner (Bag Liner) A lining, usually paper, or treated materials placed inside a shipping container for the purpose of preventing sifting, or entrance of moisture, dust, or dirt.
Cask NOUN - a term used synonymously with barrel but usually of large size or capacity. See barrel.
Chemical Resistance After contact with chemical agents, the ability of a material to retain appearanace and utility.
Child-Resistant Packaging Packaging designed or constructed to be significantly difficult for most children under 5 years of age to open or to obtain a toxic or harmful amount of the contents within a reasonable time; and not difficult for normal adults to use properly. commercial packaging-the methods and materials used by a supplier to satisfy the requirements of the distribution system.
Chime (Chine) NOUN - in packaging, the rim of a container, such as a drum, barrel, or can.
Chipboard NOUN - a paperboard generally made from reclaimed paper stock DISCUSSION - It is used for many purposes, including facing for partitions, center plies of solid fiberboard pads, and other forms of paperboard that may or may not have specifications of strength, color, or other characteristics, The board is of relatively law density in thickness of 0.006 in. (0. 15 ram) and up,
Choked Neck A constricted or narrow opening in a bottle's neck.
Clarity The lack of cloudiness or haze in a plastic material.
Cleat NOUN - a wood or metal strip attached along the edge of a panel of a container for the attaching of an adjacent panel, or fastened to the panel between the edges, or to barrel heads, for reinforcement and stiffening,
Cleated Fiberboard Box A rigid container having five or six panel faces with wood strips fastened to them, the panels being made of solid or corrugated fiberboard.
Cleated Plywood Box A rigid container having Five or six panel faces with wood strips fastened to them, the panels being made of plywood. See box
Closure NOUN - in packaging, a means of closing a container to retain the contents.
Cocoon VERB - in packaging, to employ strippable, usually plastic, sometimes multi-layered films to encapsulate an item.
Code VERB - to assign numbers, letters, words, or symbols as identifying marks to containers, pack-aged materials, or articles to convey information concerning the qualities of the container or its contents, date, place of manufacture, or other significant identification. (Compare marking,)
Coefficient Of Friction The ratio of the force required to move one surface over another, to the total force applied normal to those surfaces.
Collapsible Tube In packaging, a flexible container having a dispensing tip and cap at one end, and closed at the opposite end, serving as both package and dispenser.
Color Concentrate A mixture of dye or pigment incorporated into a specified amount of plastic. This pigmented or colored plastic is then mixed into larger quantities of plastic material to be used for molding. The "concentrate" is added to the bulk of plastic in measured.
Composite Tube In packaging, a tube consisting usually of multiple layers of fiberboard, film, or foil providing barrier properties, and an outer layer of paper
Compression Test a test for measuring resistance to external compressive forces, (See loading.)
Conbur Test Incline Impact (Conbur) Test.
Constant Load NOUN - a load that is invariable or unchanging.
Consumer Package A primary container (which may be enclosed in a secondary container) designed to contain, store, and protect from the point of manufacture to the point of use, a product intended for household or individual use. (See unit package.) Discussion - The primary or secondary container may also be used m the shipping container and it may be used to communicate information relative to the product or its use.
Contact Adhesive NOUN - an adhesive that is apparently dry to the touch and that will adhere to itself instantaneously upon Contact; also called contact bond adhesive or dry band adhesive
Container A nonspecific term for a receptacle capable of closure (See also: bag, barrel, basket, box, can. carton, crate, cylinder, drum, envelope, hamper, pail, tube.)
Containerboard Any paperboard made specifically for the manufacture of corrugated and solid fiberboard shipping containers. Basis weight is expressed in pounds per 1000 ft2 (or grams per square meter). It is customarily shipped in rolls.
Containerization NOUN - (1) a shipping method in which material (such as merchandise) is packaged together in one container. (2) the use of transport containers to unitize cargo for transportation, supply, and storage. ore, NOUN - in packaging, a cylindrical structure used as a carrier of flexible material that is wound around it.
Contamination Unfamiliar material in a bottle.
Corrosion NOUN - the chemical or electrochemical reaction between a material, usually a metal, and its environment that produces a deterioration of the material and its properties.
Corrosion Inhibitor NOUN - a chemical substance or combination of substances that, when present in the proper concentration and form in the environment, prevents or reduces corrosion.
Corrugated Box A pack, usually of the RSC (FEFCO 0200 series) type, made from corrugated board. See Box for a discussion of the definition of the terms Top and Bottom.
Corrugated Flute One of the wave shapes formed in the inner member, that is, the corrugating medium, of corrugated fiberboard. Flutes; most commonly used are: A, B, C & E
Corrugated Medium Paperboard used in forming the fluted portion of the corrugated board.
Cover NOUN - in packaging, the top or bottom. or both of a container, usually the part that closes the filling and dispensing opening. It is often called a cap when used with floorboard containers, (See also shroud.)
Crate NOUN - a rigid shipping container of framed construction joined together with nails, bolts or any equivalent method of fastening. The framework may or may not be enclosed with sheathing. It way be demountable, (reusable) or non-demountable. (See also rubbing strip, strut.)
Creped Cellulose Wadding a material consisting of cellulose fibers produced by the sulfite process, loosely matted into sheet form and then creped. 11 is available in single or multiple & beet form, either plain or embossed, and may be backed with various papers. It is also available impregnated with asphalt for water resistance.
Creped Duplex Paper a double sheet composed of two layers of creped paper united with asphalt, latex, or other adhesives, generally with 20, 25, or 30-lb paper and 20, 25, or 30 lb of laminating material.
Creped Paper Paper, usually Kraft (bleached sulfate) in various basis weights that has been machined to resemble crepe and thus has stretch. It is used for wrapping purposes and For bag and barrel liners.
CSFFSC Center Special Full Flap Slotted Case - a corrugated case design, see FEFCO style 0203 but with all flaps fully overlapping.
CSOLSC Center Special Overlap Slotted Case - a corrugated case design, see FEFCO style 0204 but with outer flaps overlapping.
CSSC Center Special Slotted Case - a corrugated case design, see FEFCO style 0204
Cube NOUN - in packaging, the volume of space occupied by the unit under consideration, computed by multiplying Overall exterior length, width, and height. For shipping purposes cube is expressed to the nearest 0. 1 ft3 (2830 cm3) (Compare displacement.)
Cushion VERB - to use cushioning material to reduce shock and vibration transmitted to a packaged product from an externally applied force.
Cushioning Material A material used to isolate or reduce the effect of externally applied shock or vibration Forces, or both. (See also buffer, divider, molded shape.)
Cylinder NOUN - a rigid cylindrical metal container designed as a portable vessel for the storage and transportation of compressed gases. Generally equipped with protected valve closure and suitable pressure-relief safety device.
Cylinder Kraft Containerboard made from Kraft pulp on a cylinder machine.
Dead Load NOUN - a constant load that, in structures (as a bridge, building, or machines) is due to the weight of the members, the supporting structure, and permanent attachments or accessories (Webster).
Dead Load NOUN - a constant load that, in structures (as a bridge, building, or machines) is due to the weight of the members, the supporting structure, and permanent attachments or accessories (Webster).
Degradation A harmful change in the chemical configuration of a plastic.
Density NOUN - mass per unit volume (D 3288, D-9)
Desiccant NOUN - a hygroscopic substance used to absorb water vapor from the air to maintain a low relative humidity in a container.
Diagonal Bracing (1) a member reaching at an angle from a gate or other structure to the wall or floor of a freight car or truck to strengthen and reinforce the gate or structure; (2) a member, single or multiple. of a crate or box attached diagonally or at an angle to add reinforcement to the container.
Die-Cut ADJECTIVE.-(1) a method of preparation in which a part or container has been cut, slotted, and scored or any combination of these by custom - made dies: (2) n. a part so made.
Dimensions NOUN - in packaging, the measurement of length, width (or diameter), and depth of containers, expressed in that order.Typically the length is the longest dimension of the opening of a package. The width is the shorter dimension of the opening. The Depth or "Height" of the package is the distance between the surfaces perpendicular to the length and width. Dimensions should be specified as "Inside", "Outside", "Score-to-Score", or "Nominal". DISCUSSION - For fiberboard and most other types of boxes, length is the larger of the two dimensions of the open face, width is the lesser of the two dimensions of the open face, depth is the distance between the innermost surfaces of the box measured perpendicular to the length and width, and are given as inside dimensions.
Discoloration Any mutation from the original color, often caused by light exposure, irradiation, overheating, or chemical attack.
Displacement NOUN - in packaging, the volume occupied by a container, calculated from its outside dimensions, (Compare cube.)
Divider NOUN - a device, made of various materials, which separates the space within a container into two or more spaces, cells, compartments, or layers. DISCUSSION - A divider may be plain, interlocking, scored, horizontal, vertical, or diagonal. The primary purpose of a divider is to separate the articles, or to furnish cushioning, or both. Also, it frequently adds stacking strength (Compare buffer, fiberboard partition. liner, pad, separator, spacer.)
Dolly NOUN - a low platform or structure mounted on wheels or casters, designed primarily for moving bulky loads for short distances. (Compare pallet.)
Double Wall The structure formed by three flat facings and two intermediate corrugated members
Drop Test A test for measuring the durability of an article, or the protection, or the retention properties of a container, or all three by subjecting the packaged product to a free fall from predetermined heights onto a surface with prescribed characteristics.
Drum NOUN - (1) a cylindrical shipping container having straight sides, end flat, convex or embossed ends, designed for storage and shipment as an unsupported outer package that may be shipped without boxing or crating, It may be made of metal, or of plywood, or of fiber with wooden, metal or fiber ends. Drums are also made of rubber or plastics (Compare barrel.); (2) in set-up paper boxes, a shell or tube with paper or cellophane head, used for powder box. (See divider.)
Dunnage NOUN - (1) in a carrying vehicle, the temporary blocking, flooring or lining, racks, standards, strips, stakes, or similar bracing, or supports not constituting a part of the carrying vehicle, used to protect and make freight secure in, or on a carrying vehicle (Classification, Rule 30);8 (2) in a container, materials not constituting a part of the container, frequently by-product or scrap, used for filling space, for blocking or bracing, or otherwise to protect and secure the contents, dynamic compression loading-in packaging, the application of a force in motion that usually occurs in 10 s or less. DISCUSSIONOUNOUN - These form result most often from random impacts, vibration, or shocks in handling and transit.
Dynamic Load NOUN - an imposed force in motion; that is, one that may vary in magnitude, sense, and direction.
E Dimension The measurement across the root of the threads on a threaded bottle neck (finish).
Edge Protector See loading.
Edge Protector A right-angle piece placed over the edge of boxes, crates, bundles and gates, or bracing to distribute the pressure from metal bands or ties in order to prevent cutting.
Elmendorf Test A test for measuring the tearing resistance of tape, paperboard, or other materials
Emboss (-ed), (-ing) In Plastics - A raised lettering or design on the surface of a pack.
Emboss (-ed), (-ing) In Fibreboard - Lettering, etc. stamped into the surface of the board, often in form of pin holes.
End-Grain Nailing Nailing in such a way that the point of the nail follows the grain of the wood so that the shank is parallel, or nearly parallel to the grain in that member holding the nail point. 11 is weaker than side-grain nailing in direct withdrawal.
Envelope NOUN - in packaging, a container of flexible material having only two faces and joined at three edges to form a partial enclosure. The non-joined edge provides a Filling opening which later may be closed or sealed.
Ethylene Plastics Plastics based on copolymers or polymers of ethylene.
Expandable Container See container.
Expandable Pallet A pallet intended to be discarded after a single use.
Expendable Container A container for shipping or storage, or both, intended primarily for a single trip.
Expendable Pallet A pallet intended to be discarded after a single use.
Exterior Pack A container, bundle, or assembly that is sufficient by reason of material design, and construction to protect its contents during shipment or storage.
Extrusion The consolidating and forcing of a plastic material through an opening in a fairly continuous manner.
Face NOUN - in packaging, any one of the plane surfaces of a container.
Facing NOUN - a form of linerboard used as a flat member of corrugated fiberboard (sometimes erroneously called a liner).
Fast Pack Container A standard size, reusable container with foam cushion inserts. DISCUSSION - Some designs permit shipment of a large variety of items within certain limits of size, weight, configuration and fragility.
Fastener NOUN - in packaging, a device that serves to secure one part to another; for example, nail, screw, staple, strapping, stitch or adhesive.
FEFCO case code International case code style definition booklet produced by the FEFCO organization.
FFSC Full Flap Slotted Case - a corrugated case design, see FEFCO style 0203
Fiberboard See containerboard.
Fiberboard Container A box, package, or drum made of fiberboard. When the term box is used for classification purposes, the structure must comply with all requirements of the carrier rules,
Fiberboard Partitions A set of corrugated or solid fiberboard or paperboard pieces slotted so they will interlock when assembled to form a number of cells into which articles may be placed for shipment. (See also divider.)
Fiberboard Tube In packaging, a cylindrical or multisided form. DISCUSSION - It may he an element of a box style, or a unit of packaging to add protection or compressive strength, or both. It may or may not be joined. (See drum (2), insert, liner, spacer.)
Filler Pad In packaging, a pad used to fill space: sometimes applied to a soft flexible pad made with various loose filling materials to provide cushioning effects (Compare buffer.)
Finish NOUN - in packaging, a term descriptive of the surface of paperboard depending on the Final machining in manufacture: (1) dry finish - not dampened before going through the calender rolls. The surface is not as dense nor as smooth as water-finished board; (2) water finish-dam pen ed on one (or both) sides in the calendering opening to provide a relatively hard and glossy finish.
Fire-Retardant ADJECTIVE - having or providing comparatively low flammability or flame spread properties.
Fitment A mechanism used to achieve a certain purpose; for example, a dropper, an orifice reducer, a sprinkler, a powder shaker, and the like.
Flame Treatment A process of rendering inert thermoplastic bottles amenable to lacquers, paints, inks, adhesives, and the like in which the bottle is submerged in an open flame to promote oxidation of the surface of the bottle.
Flange NOUN - in fiberboard boxes, an extension to a panel similar to a short flap that may be folded in or out, usually at angles of 90 or 180 degrees to the panel.
Flap NOUN - one of the closing members of a fiberboard container.
Floating Controlled Load A floating load within a vehicle in which the movement is retarded, snubbed, or restrained by suitable devices.
Floating Load (1) A shipment, usually a unitized load (or loads), or a large individual article, so prepared that it may move in the carrying vehicle, the movement being restricted or retarded by friction between the load and the vehicle; (2) a method of packing in which the contents of the container are supported within the container by cushioning devices or materials; (3) floating controlled load-a floating load within a vehicle in which the movement is retarded, snubbed, or restrained by suitable devices.
Flute One of the wave shapes formed in the inner member, that is, the corrugating medium, of corrugated fiberboard. Flutes; most commonly used are: A, B, C & E
Foam-In-Place Cushioning Material NOUN - one formed by dispensing, usually into a box or mold, reactive chemical components that expand to envelop items packaged or occupy void areas.
Footprint In reference to a Primary or Secondary Package, the footprint is the size of the base. The base is the surface opposite the opening, and in the case of rectangular prisms the same size as the opening. In reference to a Unit Load it is the Length and Width of the Unit Load in relation to the surface that is in contact with the floor.
Fourdrinier Kraft Containerboard made from Kraft pulp on a Fourdrinier machine, basically of single-ply formation, although possibly with supplementary second-ply, with less prominent grain direction. The sheet is formed on a traveling endless-wire screen that may also be vibrated to obtain more random orientation of fibers.
Friction NOUN - resistance to relative motion between two bodies in contact (Websters)
G Symbol for the dimensionless ratio between an acceleration in length per time-squared units, and the acceleration of gravity in the same units.
g Symbol for the acceleration of gravity at the earth's surface. DISCUSSION-Its value differs slightly at different points on the earth, but the standardized value of 32.2 ft/s2 or 9,806 m/s2 is usually used.
Glass Container Any glass receptacle capable of holding a seal or closure for retention of contents.
Gloss The shine or luster of a material's surface.
Grease-Resistant Barrier A material that prevents or retards the transmission of grease or oils.
Gummed Paper Tape A Kraft paper in a wide range of' basic weights, usually 35, 60 and 90 lb (24 by 35-500) that is gummed on one side and slit into rolls of various widths. DISCUSSIONOUN - in Packaging, it is used largely for waling packages, bundles and fiberboard boxes.
H Dimension (1) The vertical distance between the inside top of the closure at the sealing area and the bottom (open end) of the closure without including any "linerless" seal, ribs, membranes, or any other sealing elements or any liner (if used). (2) On a threaded
Hamper NOUN - a container (commonly used for shipping fruits and vegetables) circular, elliptical or polygonal in horizontal cross section, the tube dimensions being usually greater than the bottom It has slotted sides and a bottom that may be loose, stapled, or nailed in place. The top may or may not be open. (Compare basket.)
HDPE High Density Polyethylene.
Heat Seal Seal-in packaging, a method of bonding mating surfaces under controlled application of heat, pressure, and dwell time.
Hermetic Seal In packaging, a seal that prevents passage of air and other gases.
Hot Stamping Engraving procedures for making plastics in which roll leaf is stamped with heated metal dies onto a bottle or, by means of felt rolls, ink is supplied to type and impressed into a bottle by heat and pressure, leaving the marking compound in the identific
HSC Half Slotted Case. FEFCO case style 0200.
HSCFL A corrugated case design with a short flap, see FEFCO style 0209
Humidity Indicator An instrument or device that displays the approximate humidity condition within a package.
I Dimension A specified minimum dimension inside the bottle neck that will allow ample clearance for filler tubes to enter the bottle neck.
IATA International Air Transport Association
ID Inside dimensions or inside diameter.
Incline Impact (Conbur) Test A test for determining principally the resistance of a packaged product to damage from impacts.
Industrial Packaging Packaging of partially manufactured or finished goods for distribution from manufacturer to manufacturer, and to users other than retail customers.
Injection Blow Molding A blow molding process in which the parison to be blown is formed by injection molding.
Injection Mold A mold into which a plasticated substance is presented from an exterior heating cylinder.
In-Mold Labelling (I.M.L.) A method of forming a labeled bottle in which a label is placed in the mold and then the parison is blown to form a labeled bottle.
Inner Packing See Interior (Inner) Packing.
Insert NOUN - usually a thin filler or frame of wood, fiberboard, plastic, or other suitable material used to take up space, or separate articles within a package. (Compare buffer, divider, separator.)
Interior (Inner) Packing Material or parts used in supporting, positioning, or cushioning an item in its outer shipping container, (See also buffer, cushioning material, divider, liner, separator.)
Intermediate Pack In packaging, a wrap, box, or bundle that contains two or more unit packs of identical items. and that is in turn enclosed by an outer shipping container.
Intermodal Container A reusable-shipping container manufactured to standard dimensions intended to unitize cargo or freight for shipping by one or more modes of transportation without the need for intermediate handling of the contents.
Jar NOUN - a widemouthed container made typically of glass, plastic, or earthenware.
Jug NOUN - a large, deep, usually glass, plastic or earthenware container with a narrow mouth and a handle.
Keg A small slack or tight barrel of 30-gal capacity or less.
Kinetic Coefficient Of Friction The ratio of the force required to move one surface over another, to the total force applied normal to those surfaces, once that motion is in progress.
Kraft NOUN - a term (derived from a German word meaning strength) applied to pulp, paper, or paperboard produced from virgin wood fibers by the sulphate process.
L Dimension Measured from the top of the finish to the point where diameter "E" extended parallel to the centerline intersects the bead (for example, SP-410 and SP-415 finishes).
Label NOUN - a piece of paper or other material to be affixed to a container or article. on which is printed a legend, information concerning the product, or addresses. It may also be printed directly on the container. (Compare tag.)
Label Panel The part of the body of a bottle to which labels are attached or decoration is imprinted.
LDPE Low Density Polyethylene.
Liner NOUN - in packaging (1) generally, any linear material that separates a product within a container from the basic walls of the container, (2) in fiberboard containers, a creased fiberboard sheet inserted in a container and usually fitting against the side and end panels (liner is sometimes erroneously used for linerboard or facing), (Compare divider.)
Liner In Liquid packaging - A layer of cork, composition, paper, and the like held in a closure to provide a sealing surface against the finish of a container.
Linerboard NOUN - (1) paperboard used for the flat facings in corrugated fiberboard; also paperboard used as the outer plies of solid fiberboard, (2) containerboard made of blends of reworked paper fibers usually made on cylinder machines but can be made on Fourdrinier or Inverform machines. it is sometimes called jute-a misnomer, since jute fibers are no longer used (See facing.)
Live Load NOUN - a moving load on a structure.
Load NOUN - (1) the force in weight units applied to a body; (2) the weight of the contents of a container or transportation device; (3) a qualitative term denoting the contents of a container.
Load Limit (1) the maximum force, in weight units. a body can withstand without damage; (2) the greatest allowable weight that may he placed in a container or vehicle. For containers, load limit is often expressed in terms of the gross weight of the container and its contents.
Load Type NOUN - a qualitative description of the contents of a container with respect to density, fragility, and degree of blocking, bracing, and cushioning necessary, Load types are further divided into the following categories: Type 1 load (easy) - a qualitative term denoting contents of low or moderate density conforming to the shape of the container and lending support to all faces of the container. Type 2 load (average)-a qualitative term denoting contents of low or moderate density providing, when packed directly into a shipping container, non-shifting support at several points on the face of the container. Type 3 load (difficult)-a qualitative term denoting contents characterized by irregular shape not lending support to the container, or by great density or extreme fragility.
Loading NOUN - the act of placing a load on or in; to load a car, a vessel, or a test specimen. (See also unitization.) anti-skid plate - a device, generally metal, about 4 by 6 in, (100 by 150 mm), with sharp projections on each face, placed under, against, or between containers and car floor, to retard shifting of load in transit.
Lumber NOUN - the product of the saw and planing wood mill, not further manufactured than by sawing, resawing, planing, crosscutting to length, and matching.
M Style Thread A type of buttress thread contour (cross section) for use with plastic closures. The profile of the thread is essentially a right triangle: one of the two legs that form the right angle is part of the vertical wall of the neck (finish) while the other is
Macerated Paper Generally, waste paper tom up mechanically for use as a cushioning material.
Mailing Tube See tube.
Manufacturer's Joint That part of a fiberboard container where the ends of the box blank are joined together in the manufacturing process by taping, stitching, or gluing. See Flange.
Marking NOUN - in packaging, the application of numbers, letters, labels, tags, symbols or colors to provide identification and to expedite handling during shipment and storage. (Compare code.)
Matched Lumber Lumber that is shaped to make a close- tongued and grooved joint at its edges or ends plank, NOUN - a broad board usually more than 1 in, thick, laid with its wide dimension horizontal, and used as a bearing surface.
Metalizing The process of applying a thin layer of metal to a non-metallic surface by chemical deposition or by surface exposure to vaporized metal in a vacuum chamber.
Modular Container A family of containers designed to be assembled into a unit load.
Molded Pulp A type of packaging which has been formed from wet paper pulp to predetermined shape to generally fit one or more individual items. Used as apple trays, egg flats, egg carton. (See molded shape.) skin packaging-a process whereby a product placed on a backing material is covered by a closely fitting thermoplastic film bonded to the backing material. DISCUSSIUN-The article usually is placed on a porous, right backing sheet, heated film is draped over it, and vacuum is applied to draw the film tightly over the article. vacuum packaging-the technique of packaging in containers from which substantially all air has been removed prior to scaling.
Molded Shape In packaging, a material formed to specific contours for cushioning, or blocking or bracing purposes, Mullen test-See package testing.
Mullen Test A test for bursting strength made on a specific type of machine.
Nailed Wood Box A rigid container constructed of wood in several standard styles, assembled by fastening sides, top and bottom to the ends with nails or other suitable fasteners.
Nest NOUN - a group of articles, cans, baskets, or boxes of various sizes that Fit one within the other.
Oblong A specific shape. A bottle with a rectangular cross-section perpendicular to the major axis.
OD The outside dimension of a package or part, or outside diameter of a cylindrical container or wire or red.
Offset (Printing) A printing procedure in which ink is transferred from a receptacle to a printing plate; from the inked printing plate the image is printed on a cylindrical rubber roll (blanket) and then transferred to the object to be printed.
OLSC Overlap Slotted Case - a corrugated case design, see FEFCO style 0202
Opaque A way of describing a material or substance that will not transmit light. It is the opposite of transparent; materials that are neither opaque nor transparent are sometimes described as semi-opaque, but are actually better classified as translucent q.v.
Open Crate A crate with exposed frame members and not enclosed by sheathing.
Orange Peel An inadvertantly rough bottle surface.
Oval A particular shape. A bottle which has an elliptical cross section perpendicular to the major axis.
Overpacking NOUN - (1) packaging that exceeds minimum requirements, (2) additional packaging used to increase protection.
Pack NOUN - the Final configuration of material with necessary protection afforded for the distribution system.
Pack VERB - to place material into a container for handling, storage, and transportation.
Package (1) NOUN - a container providing means of protection and handling to a product; (2) VERB - to design, manufacture, or provide protection to a product; (3) when referring to a fiber container, a container not necessarily complying with all the requirements for a "box" in accordance with the Uniform Freight Classification and National Motor Freight Classification; (4) when referring to a fiber container, one of the special authorized containers described in detail in the Classifications in the section titled - "Authorized Packages or Shipping Containers,` of the above Freight Classifications. aerosol package-a package that contains in addition to its contents, a gas under pressure. It is Fitted with a valve, which enables the contents to be dispensed. intermediate package-a wrap, box, or bundle (that is, a container) that contains two or more unit packages of identical items (also called a secondary package).
Package Material NOUN - each separate and distinct material which by itself or in combination with other materials, forms a package component, DISCUSSION - Some examples of package material are polyethylene film, polyethylene foam, Kraft paper, aluminum film, and paper/poly/foil laminate.
Packaging NOUN - (1) the technique of preparing goods for distribution; (2) the design criteria, processes, and procedures used to protect material from deterioration and damage from the time manufacturing is completed until ultimate use or disposal; DISCUSSIONOUN - It Includes cleaning, drying, preserving, packing, unitization, and marking. (3) the processes and procedures used to protect an item in a unit package.
Packing NOUN - the selection or construction of the shipping container and assembling of items or packages therein, including any necessary blocking, bracing, or cushioning, weatherproofing, exterior strapping, and marking of shipping container for identification of contents. (Compare packaging).
Pad NOUN - (when referring to a fiberboard container) a corrugated or solid fiberboard sheet or other authorized material used for extra protection or for separating tiers or layers of articles when packed for shipment. (Compare buffer, divider, separator). See cushioning material.
Pail NOUN - a container, usually cylindrical, with a handle, available in sizes of about 1 to 12 gal (3 to 50 L).
Pallet NOUN - horizontal platform device used as a base for assembling, storing, handling, and transporting materials and products in a unit load. (Compare skid, dolly.)
Palletized Load A load made up of articles, loose or in containers placed on pallets or skids.
Palletized Unit Load A unitized load fixed to a pallet.
Panel NOUN - (1) a face or side of a box or crate, (2) any flat area between folds, or edges of a box, carton, or interior part.
Paneling The evolution of a decreased pressure inside a bottle during aging or storage causing the side wall collapse (distortion) of a container.
Paper Multiwall-Sack A flexible container made of several plies, usually of Kraft paper. The various plies may be specially treated, such as waxed paper, glassine, grease proof, polyethylene. Wet strength paper, or other specialty sheets. The Particular nature of the sack depends upon the material to be packed and the type of transportation to be employed.
Paperboard NOUN - one of the two broad subdivisions of paper (general term, the other being paper as specific term). Paperboard is, in general, heavier and thicker than paper and is constructed primarily for strength properties such as stiffness, tearing resistance and the like, Sheets with thickness greater than 0.010 in. (0,25 mm) (with some exceptions) fall in this class. (See also containerboard.) DISCUSSION - The broad classes of paperboard are (1) containerboard, (2) boxboard, and (3) other special types.
Paperboard (Mailing) Tube In packaging. a cylindrical container wherein the length does not exceed ten times the girth with a minimum 1/8 - in. (3 - mm) wall thickness. DISCUSSION - Closure method should meet US Postal Service requirements.
Paperboard Blank A flat piece of paperboard that has been cut to size, die-cut, corner cut, scored, printed, or otherwise prepared and ready to be formed or folded and joined, or the flat pieces of parts thereof.
Paperboard Step A term applied to trays, shells, or platforms positioned inside a container to raise one portion of contents higher than others. It may be attached to a lid for the purpose of holding certain articles positioned when the lid is in closed position.
Paperboard Stop Pieces of boxboard attached to the inside surface of the ends of a set-up paper box lid to hold the base in proper position when the height of the base is less than the height or the lid.
Paperboard Tube See tube.
Parting Line The portion of the bottle where the halves of the mold met in closing.
Partition See fiberboard partition.
PC Polycarbonate
PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) Known as thermoplastic polyester, this substance is able to exist in either an amorphous or highly crystalline state. The latter is necessary for extruding the material, and the former permits it to be oriented.
Pinhole A very tiny hole in a plastic bottle.
Pivot weight With respect to an airline pallet, the weight at which the airline cargo costs for a specific airline pallet move from a volumetric based schedule to a weight based schedule.
Plank NOUN - a broad board usually more than 1 in, thick, laid with its wide dimension horizontal, and used as a bearing surface.
Plastic (noun): One of many high-polymeric materials, of both natural and synthetic products, with the exception of the rubbers. At some point in its manufacture, every plastic has the ability to flow under heat and pressure. (adjective) Made of plastic; able
Plug NOUN - in packaging, a type of closure that is designed to be inserted into a container opening. It may be held by friction or by screw threads. (See cap.)
Ply NOUN - (1) any of the several layers of solid Fiberboard; (2) any of the layers in plywood or laminated paperboard; (3) any of the walls of a multiwall bag. (See also veneer.)
Plywood Box See box.
Point NOUN - a term used to describe the thickness of' paperboard, a point being one thousandth of an inch. (See caliper.)
POL Overlap Slotted Case - a corrugated case design, see FEFCO style 0202
Polyethylene (PE) A polyolefin composed of polymers of ethylene which is usually a transluscent, tough, waxy solid unaffected by water and a large range of chemicals. Low density, medium density, and high density are the three general classifications of Polyethylene.
Polystyrene (PS) A thermoplastic substance derived from the polymerization of styrene (vinyl benzene) that is non-toxic, tasteless, and odorless, with good classification and dielectric properties; it has exceptional water and weather resistance in addition to resistance
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) A thermoplastic substance made up of vinyl chloride; a colorless solid with prominent resistance to alcohols, water, and concentrated acids and alkalies. Classified as: Plasticized and Unplasticized.
Post Mold Labeling (P.M.L.) Any method of labeling which occurs after the bottle is blown.
Pouch NOUN - a small or moderate-sized bag, sack, or receptacle for carrying or containing parts.
PP Polypropylene
Preform An injection-molded parison which is blow molded in a second phase into a plastic bottle.
Preservation NOUN - in packaging, the application of protective measures such as cleaning, drying, and the use of preservatives, barrier materials, cushioning, and containers.
Pressure Sensitive Label A die cut label that is applied to a bottle by mild pressure from a web on which it is carried.
Pressure-Sensitive-Adhesive Tape In packaging, a backing, as tape, coated so as to permit it to adhere instantaneously to most surfaces with the application of slight pressure.
Primary Container A container that is in contact with the contents. DISCUSSION-The primary container may be used as the shipping container and may he used to communicate information relative to the product or its use. (See unit package under package.)
Prototype Mold A simplified mold frequently made from a light metal casting alloy or epoxy resin to produce preliminary bottles.
PS Polystyrene
Puncture Test (1) a test for measuring the resistance of board to puncture, (2) the strength of a material, primarily involving tear and stiffness, expressed in units as measured by the puncture tester. DISCUSSION - 1 unit= 0 265 in., lbf (0.0298 J) of energy.
Recessed Panel A bottle design in which the labeling area is indented or recessed. Also see "Label Panel.
Recycled Plastic A plastic prepared from cleared and reground used goods.
REFLF A corrugated pack design - Roll End and Front, Lock Front, see FEFCO 0427 but with an additional lock at the front.
Reinforced Gummed Tape An adhesive-coated tape that contains glass, rayon, or sisal fibers embedded in latex, resin or asphaltic laminants between two sheets of Kraft. Discussion - It is used for manufacturer's joints, or closure of corrugated fiber boxes. It is manufactured with the fibers running in a cross-machine direction (most commonly used), or with the fibers running in both directions, (bi-directional), or in a diamond shaped pattern. (See carrier regulations.)
RELFDF A corrugated pack design - Roll End Lock Front with Dust Flaps, see FEFCO 0427.
Resawn Lumber Rough or surfaced lumber that has been divided into two or more thicknesses by sawing.
Resin Any of a class of solid or semi-solid organic products of natural or synthetic origin, typically of high molecular weight, with no specific melting point. Most resins are Polymers.
RET A corrugated pack design - Roll End Tray, see FEFCO 0422.
RETT A corrugated pack design - Roll End Tuck Top, see FEFCO 0421.
RETTDF A corrugated pack design - Roll End Tuck Top with Dust Flaps, see FEFCO 0421 but with dust flaps.
Returnable Container Shipping con container of any material designed to be used for more than one shipment. reusable container - a shipping and storage container designed for reuse without impairment of its protective function. DISCUSSION - It may he repaired or refilled to prolong its life, or to adapt it for items other than originally intended.
Reusable Container A shipping and storage container designed for reuse without impairment of its protective function. DISCUSSION - It may be repaired or refitted to prolong its life, or to adapt it for items other than originally intended.
Reusable Pallet A pallet intended for more than one shipment (reusable for economic life).
Revolving Drum Test A test for measuring the protection to contents, or the retention properties of a container, or both, by subjecting the packaged products to rough handling in a standard revolving drum. testing machine compression-in package testing. an imposed force in motion applied at a predetermined rate and condition until a predetermined end point is achieved.
Rough Lumber Undressed lumber as it comes from the saw.
RSC Regular Slotted Case. FEFCO case style 0201.
RSC SHY An RSC corrugated case design with a gap in the outer flaps, see FEFCO style 0209
Rubbing Strips Boards nailed to the underside of skids, or floorboards of crates or boxes to provide a surface upon which to slide the containers. (See also skid.)
S Dimension Locates the position of the bottle thread in relation to the top of the finish. It is a vertical distance from the top of the finish to the intersection of the finish wall and the top of the first part of the thread where full depth contour exists.
Sack See Bag.
Saddle NOUN - a form of interior packing shaped to fit the article in order to increase the area of contact between the blocking and the article.
Safety Factor This is the figure with which the initially calculated compression strength is multiplied to give the case failure load
SAN (Styrene Acrylonitrile) Thermoplastic copolymer with good scratch, chemical, stiffness, and stress-crack resistance.
Score NOUN - an impression or crease in paperboard, corrugated or solid fiberboard to locate and facilitate folding. DISCUSSION - Set-up boxes made of non-bending paperboard are generally partially cut through at score lines and may be reinforced by gummed paper stays
Score VERB - to form a score
Seam NOUN - (when referring to a fiberboard container)-the lines of junction created by any free edge of a container flap or wall where it abuts or overlaps another portion of the container (except the manufacturer's joint). DISCUSSION - A seam may be fastened by tape, stitches, or adhesive in the process of closing a fiberboard container.
Secondary container A container that encloses one or more primary containers. DISCUSSION - The secondary container may be used as the shipping container and may be used to communicate information relative to the product or its use. (See intermediate package tinder package.)
Separator NOUN - any material interposed between articles or packing components. (Compare buffer, divider, insert, liner.)
Shark Skin A container's surface irregularity in the form of finely-spaced sharp ridges as a result of the relaxation effect of the melt at the die exit. Also see "Orange Peel".
Sheathed Crate A crate that is enclosed by having the frame members completely covered with sheathing boards or material.
Sheathing NOUN - lumber or sheet materials, such as plywood, fiberboard or other suitable panel or sheet material fastened to the frame across the openings of a crate to deter pilferage, or entry of dirt or water or of other articles, shelf life-the length of lime packaged materials can be stored under specified conditions and still remain effective in use.
Shell When referring to a fiberboard packaging: NOUN - a specific form of inner packing consisting of a sheet of corrugated or solid fiberboard scored and folded to form a joined or unjoined tube open at both ends. Often used in "Shell and Slide" designs. See FEFCO styles 0504,5,7, etc.
Shiplapped Lumber Lumber that is shaped at its edges to make a close-rabbeted, or lapped joint.
Shipping Container A container that is sufficiently strong to be used in commerce for packing, storing, and shipping commodities. (See also barrel, crate, drum.)
Shipping point A facility from which outbound shipments can occur using 3rd party carriers
Shoulder The section of a bottle between the neck (finish) and the main body.
Shrinkage The dimensional decrease of a bottle after being molded, generally caused by cooling and the ensuing contraction of the plastic material.
Shroud NOUN - in packaging, a protective cover placed over a load unit, or package to cover the top and four sides.
Silk Screen Printing (Screen Printing) (Screen Process Decorating) A printing method that, in its simplist form, involves laying a pattern of an insoluble material as an outline on a finely woven fabric, enabling the ink that is drawn across the screen to pass through the screen.
Single Face The structure formed by one corrugated member glued to the flat facing
Single Wall The structure formed by one corrugated inner member glued between two flat facings; also known as double face
Skid NOUN - one of a pair or series of parallel runners usually wood, affixed to the underside of boxes, crates, or an item to allow entry of truck forks, or to facilitate sliding (Compare rubbing strip.)
Skid Box A metal, wooden, or fiber box fastened to a platform raised on skid members or legs; it may or may net be collapsible. (See also skid.)
Skid Platform A single platform of wood, metal, plastic, or combination of these materials, elevated a short distance above the floor by runners or legs to facilitate mechanical handling. (Compare pallet.)
Skin Packaging A process whereby a product placed on a backing material is covered by a closely fitting thermoplastic film bonded to the backing material. DISCUSSION -The article usually is placed on a porous, rigid backing sheet, heated film is draped over it and vacuum is applied to draw the film tightly over the article.
Slat NOUN - a thin flat strip p of material used as a member of a box, crate, pallet, basket, or other similar structure. A basket stave.
Sleeve NOUN - in Packaging, a form, made of various materials and in various shapes, usually open at both ends, which is slipped over an item.
Sleeve Label A decorated, plastic sleeve that fits over and then onto plastic bottles.
Slide When referring to a fiberboard packaging: NOUN - A specific form of inner packing consisting of a sheet of corrugated or solid fiberboard scored and folded to folded to form a joined or unjoined tube open at both ends. Often used in "Shell and Slide" designs. See FEFCO styles 0504,5,7, etc.
Solid Fiberboard A solid board made by laminating two or more plies of containerboard.
Spacer NOUN - a device made of any material that serves to maintain a predetermined distance between any two points in a shipping container, or between any interior part and articles contained therein. (Compare divider.)
Spreader NOUN - (1) a horizontal wooden member placed between two gates in a car to hold the gates in position against the load; (2) a rigid device placed between sling legs, lifting cables, or ropes to prevent them from damaging cargo being loaded or unloaded.
Staple NOUN - a U-shaped round or flat wire fastener that is: (1) used to secure parts together. (It may or may not be clinched); (2) driven over wires and bands to hold parts in position; (3) used to fasten together the Caps of fiberboard boxes. (Compare stitch.)
Staple VERB - to fasten with staples.
Static Coefficient Of Friction The ratio of the force required to move one surface over another, to the total force applied normal to those surfaces, at the instant motion starts.
Static Compression Loading In packaging, the application of a force for an extended period, often days, weeks, or months. DISCUSSION - These forces usually are associated with stacked loads. Many factors, such as material fatigue, environmental conditions, and handling affect the rate and duration of loading.
Static Load NOUN - an imposed stationary force, constant in magnitude, sense and direction.
Stave NOUN - (1) one of the shaped vertical units of a coopered wooden container which, when placed edge-to-edge and bound with hoops around a circular bottom (sometimes top and bottom), forms a barrel or other stayed container; (2) one of the thin, wood or veneer slats forming the body, sides, or cover of a basket or hamper.
Stay Paper or metal material used to join parts of a box together at a corner, or to reinforce a cut-score on solid fiberboard. It is most commonly used for set-up boxes.
Stitch NOUN - in packaging, a metal fastener. Stitches are machine-formed using wire drawn from a spool. (Compare staple. staples are preformed.)
Stitch VERB - (1) to unite, by means of staples or stitching wire, the joints or parts of containers, or the flaps for closure; (2) to unite by sewing with thread, as a sack.
Strapping NOUN - a flexible strip material, generally of flat or round cross section, used to: (1) fasten merchandise within a container, (2) hold together a bundle or bait, (3) reinforce a shipping container, (4) secure a shipping container or an article to a pallet. (Compare bracing.)
Stress Retention The residual load expressed as a percentage of the original load on a material after the test specimen has been maintained at a constant elongation for a specified time.
Stringer NOUN - a wooden member to which the face or faces of a pallet or the deck of a platform are fastened and running at right angles to the members making up the face or the deck. See pallet
Strut NOUN - a short member of a crate or bracing used as reinforcement and designed to resist compressive forces in the direction of its length.
Surfaced Lumber Lumber that is dressed on one or more faces.
T Dimension The outside diameter of the thread helix on a bottle finish.
Tag NOUN - a paperboard card, metal plate, or plastic card on which shipping or identification data are given. (Compare label.) Discussion - It is fastened to an article or container, by wires, staples, tacks, or an adhesive.
Tape In packaging, a backing, as tape, coated so as to permit it to adhere instantaneously to most surfaces with the application of slight pressure.
Tapeless Measure A device which measures length using the number of rotations of a wheel in contact with the surface of the material to be measured.
Tare Weight NOUN - the weight of a container or of packaging materials excluding the contents.
Thermoplastic (noun): A material that will continually soften when heated and harden when cooled. Most polymers used for bottles are thermoplastics. (adjective): Able to be continually softened by heating and hardened by cooling.
Tongue-And-Grooved ADJECTIVE - type of lumber joint consisting of a tongue and a groove on opposite edges to provide close fitting into an adjacent grooved or tongued piece.
Triple Wall The structure formed by four flat facings and three intermediate corrugated members. (See also containerboard.)
Tube NOUN - a cylindrical paperboard container, convolutely or spirally wound, having paper, wood, metal, or combination ends.
Unit Load In distribution, an item or assembly of items assembled or restrained for handling and transportation as a single entity. Also called a "pallet load".
Unit Package The he first tie, wrap, or container applied to a single item, a quantity of the same item, a set, or an item with all its component pails, that constitutes a complete and identifiable package containing the unit of issue of a product for ultimate use (also called a Primary Package)
Unitization NOUN - the assembled group of containers or items in a single load that can be handled as a unit throughout the distribution system. DISCUSSION - Unitization encompasses, but is not limited to, consolidation in a container, placement on a pallet or load base, or securely binding together
Unitized Load in packaging, a type of unit load consisting of articles or containers secured together so as to be handled as an entity.
Vacuum Packaging The technique of packaging in containers from which substantially all air has been removed prior to sealing.
V-Board A term adopted from the grade symbol of corrugated or solid fiberboard made to comply with the weather-resistant class as defined in Federal specification PPP-F-320, made of wet strength paperboard. Components are especially made to exhibit high strength (against bursting, tearing, or rupturing) when wet.
Veneer NOUN - thin sheets of wood, produced on a rotary lathe, or by slicing, or sawing.
Vial NOUN - a small, usually cylindrical, vessel capable of closure, such as for medications, perfumes, essences, and samples.
Vinyl The informal, generic term for any of the vinyl resins.
Volatile Corrosion Inhibitor (VCI) A material that slowly releases vapor to inhibit corrosion within a package by neutralizing the effects of moisture-laden air. See corrosion
Volumetric Weight or Dimensional Weight The weight value assigned to a given cubic volume that falls short of an arbitrary expected weight for that given volume. This is a value usually determined by a constant assigned by a freight carrier. In the case of international air carriers, this constant is assigned by the IATA (International Air Transport Association).
W Dimension The width (vertical height) of the bead on certain bottle finishes.
Wadding See cushioning material.
Warp NOUN - a flexible sheet material used to protect items in packaging.
Water Vapor Resistant Barrier A material that retards the transmission of water vapor
Waterproof ADJECTIVE - Allowing no water or moisture ingress. DISCUSSION - This is an absolute term and therefore, misleading in the context of packaging systems.
Water-Resistance NOUN - measured ability to retard both pen penetration and wetting by water in liquid form. DISCUSSION - The method of test must be stated, since the degree of resistance depends on the way it is determined or measured.
Water-Resistant Barrier A material that retards the transmission of liquid water. See barrier material
Water-Resistant Paper paper that is treated by the addition of materials to provide a degree of resistance to damage or deterioration by water in liquid form.
Water-Vapor-Resistance Measured red ability to retard penetration and permeation by water vapor. Discussion - The method of test must be stated, since the degree of resistance depends on the way it is determined or measured.
W-Board Same as V-board except the "W" grades are of lower test requirements and primarily for use as interior or intermediate containers. See corrugated fiberboard.
Weather-Resistance Measured ability of a material, assembly, or package to maintain designated physical properties. and appearance under specified weathering conditions. Discussion - The method of test must be stated, since the degree of resistance depends on the way it is determined or measured
Wet-Strength Paper Paper that has been treated with chemical additives to aid in the retention of resistance to bursting, tearing, or rupturing when wet
Wirebound Box A rigid container whose sides, top, and bottom are of rotary-cut lumber, sliced lumber, resawn lumber, fiberboard, or combinations thereof, usually 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) or less in thickness, fastened to cleats and to each other by means of binding wires ad staples; and ends of similar material, plain or stapled to battens or liners, fastened in place by means of nails or staples or wires stapled thereto. Discussion - The closure is made by twisting or looping together the ends of the binding wires.